Sport-related concussion sustained in early life can have long-term
implications for brain health and cognitive and sensory function, find
two new studies. The findings add to a growing body of research on long-term deficits stemming from sport-related concussion, and suggest that concussive injuries can disrupt
fundamental elements of higher-order neurocognition by chronically
impairing attention, working memory, inhibition, and interference
control, as well as lower-level sensory and perceptual processing.
Social media sites are one of the leading places that pre-teens and
teens experience bullying, whether they are being bullied, bullying
someone or witnessing it. What is staggering is that 90% of those who
witnessed bullying on their social media sites have ignored the
behavior. Which are the worst three
social media sites for bullying?
Female middle school soccer players sustained concussions at a rate higher than their high school and college counterparts, most continued to play despite experiencing symptoms, and less than half sought medical
attention, a first-of-its-kind study finds.
Teens who continue to engage in full cognitive activity after sport-related concussion take from 2 to 5 times longer to recover than those who limit such activity, a new study has found. The findings provide important support for current concussion guidelines recommending cognitive rest during the initial stages of recovery from concussion.
A history of concussion is associated with more than a 3-fold increased
risk of a current diagnosis of depression, even after controlling for
age, sex, parental mental health, and socioeconomic status, finds a new
study, which recommends that clinicians caring for youth with concussion be aware of this
association and screen youth for symptoms of depression.
The ability of teens, and, in the case of younger athletes, their
parents, to accurately recall the severity of symptoms experienced
before after a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) injury iis subject to a "good old days" bias and declines
dramatically over time, says a new study, which
suggests that using symptom ratings of pre-injury functioning obtained
as soon as possible after injury might result in a 5 to 7-fold
improvement in a clinician's identification of patients who have
clinically recovered from concussion.
The lack of a systematic approach to making return-to-play (RTP)
decision-making has resulted in a high degree of variability among
sports medicine doctors in weighing different factors, with some factors considered important by athletes, teams, coaches, and parents viewed as unimportant by doctors in the RTP decision, finds a new
Previous concussions and match play are all but certain to increase the risk of concussions, but the jury is still out on whether other
factors, such as sex, playing position, playing level, style of play,
environment and injury mechanism, also increase concussion risk, finds a first-of-its-kind, evidence-based
systematic review of the scientific literature.
Child-specific tools need to be developed and used for the diagnosis, recovery-assessment and management of their concussions, focusing less on return to play as the goal as return to learn, a new study recommends.
Preliminary data from a study of retired professional English soccer
players has found that, once their playing careers end, the chronic
low-level head trauma they sustained from repetitive heading does not
put them at greater risk of long-term cognitive decline than the general